Critical Thinking is the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment. As children learn how to think, they go through six steps: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. When they can do all six, they can be said to be critical thinkers.
This six-step process is built into Paces, but there are several things that a supervisor can do to enhance thinking: ask pertinent questions at Checkups and Self Tests; ask older students to construct points of view toward which they have negative feelings; get them to identify the extent of their own ignorance; suspend judgment.
Martin Luther said,
“If I profess with the loudest voice and clearest exposition every portion of the truth of God except precisely that little point which the world and the devil are at that moment attacking, I am not confessing Christ…”
Our students must be able to know where the battle is and how to be victorious in it.
They will require a Christian worldview from which they can evaluate all other worldviews. A worldview is a web from which answers to the big four questions of life (origins, morality, meaning and destiny) are constructed.
For example, a supervisor could start by teaching students systematic theology, then deconstruct it to the point of presuppositions and work back up demonstrating that Christianity is the only worldview that answers all four questions with logical consistency, empirical adequateness and experiential relevancy.